Cat. # AG-CN2-0027
Synonyms：LAT-A; NSC 613011
Merck Index：14: 5378
Source/Host Chemicals：Isolated from Latrunculia magnifica.
Purity Chemicals：≥97% (HPLC)
Appearance：White to light yellow solid.
Solubility：Soluble in DMSO (25mg/ml) or ethanol (25mg/ml).
Identity：Determined by 1H-NMR.
Shipping and Handling
Short Term Storage：+4°C
Long Term Storage：-20°C
Handling Advice：Protect from light.
Use/Stability：Stable for at least 2 years after receipt when stored at -20°C.Store solutions at -20°C in the dark.
- Cell permeable marine toxin .
- Disrupts microfilament-mediated processes .
- Actin polymerization inhibitor in vitro and in vivo by the formation of a 1:1 complex with monomeric G-actin [1, 2, 3, 6].
- Depolymerizes actin filaments (F-actin) .
- Potent phagocytosis inhibitor .
- Anticancer compound [7, 8]. Suppresses hypoxia-induced HIF-1 activation in tumor cells . Inhibits tumor cell invasion .
- Acts via a different mechanism than cytochalasins.
- Latrunculins: novel marine toxins that disrupt microfilament organization in cultured cells: I. Spector, et al.; Science 219, 493 (1983)
- Latrunculin inhibits the microfilament-mediated processes during fertilization, cleavage and early development in sea urchins and mice: G. Schatten, et al.; Exp. Cell Res. 166, 191 (1986)
- Inhibition of actin polymerization by latrunculin: A: M. Coue, et al.; FEBS Lett. 213, 316 (1987)
- Latrunculin A is a potent inhibitor of phagocytosis by macrophages: C.A. de Oliveira & B. Mantovani; Life Sci. 43, 1825 (1988)
- Latrunculins-novel marine macrolides that disrupt microfilament organization and affect cell growth: I. Comparison with cytochalasin D: I. Spector, et al.; Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton 13, 127 (1989)
- Actin-latrunculin A structure and function. Differential modulation of actin-binding protein function by latrunculin A: E.G. Yarmola, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 275, 28120 (2000)
- Latrunculin A and its C-17-O-carbamates inhibit prostate tumor cell invasion and HIF-1 activation in breast tumor cells: K.A. Sayed, et al.; J. Nat. Prod. 71, 396 (2008)
- Latrunculin a has a strong anticancer effect in a peritoneal dissemination model of human gastric cancer in mice: H. Konishi, et al.; Anticancer Res. 29, 2091 (2009)
- Nucleolar asymmetry and the importance of septin integrity upon cell cycle arrest: U. Rai, et al.; PLoS ONE 12, e0174306 (2017)
- Trogocytosis of ligand-receptor complex and its intracellular transport in CD30 signaling: M. Nakashima, et al.; Biol Cell. ahead of print (2018)